Muscle pharm assault is the most researched pre-workout out there because we are a company of athletes. We want to feed our bodies the best and pass our expertise on to other athletes. Multiple studies prove that 1 serving helps increase strength, aerobic and anaerobic performance. Assault meets NSF and informed choice product standards and is safe for kidney and liver function, even in chronic use cases. Superior ingredients, super results. Con-create: assault is the only pre-workout formula to use this clinically-proven and patented version of creatine. Astragin: patented ginseng extract, lowers blood glucose levels, increases creatine/arganine absorption and ATP production. Cinnulin: heightens absorption of creatine, arginine, vitamins and other ingredients launch directly into muscles. (both workhorse substances also burn body fat while adding muscle, for a leaner, fuller physique.) BCAAs: "concentrated" formulas hit hard, then leave you hanging. Our patent-pending ratio promotes stronger recovery and lean muscle mass. No 1,3-dimethylamine: forget that quick high, crashes always follow. You need nutrients, not some stimulant like 1,3 dim. The complete nutrient package: hardcore athletes who take a full scoop of assault get the benefits of 4g of beta-alanine, 5g of creatine from the superior forms of creatine found in creapure creatine (over 3g) and con-create, 1.5g citrulline malate, 6g BCAA, carbohydrates, vitamins, and our high performance energy and intensity amplifier blend. Stay focused and blasting from the start to the very last set. Prepare to assault the gym. Pre-performance amplifier clinically proven to enhance: performance: strength/power/endurance. Focus: energy/intensity without the crash. Muscle building: lean muscle mass/decrease body fat. Safety: proven safe on kidney and liver function/ NSF certified. Notice: powder density may be affected by settling which may cause variations in the scoop serving size and fill levels from bottle to bottle.