As a non-essential amino acid, TAURINE is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body which can be found in the central nervous system, white blood cells, the brain and skeletal muscles. Similar to Glutamine, TAURINE is a conditionally essential amino acid as during times of extreme physical exhaustion, the body does not produce enough and supplementation is recommended. TAURINE has been found helpful in improving athletic performance through several mechanisms: Improves Mental Focus: TAURINE acts as a metabolic transmitter and is important for brain metabolism. It may also help to stabilize the cell membranes in the brain and heart. Regulates Mineral Balance: TAURINE regulates water and mineral salts in the blood. It maintains movement of potassium, magnesium and sodium across the cell membranes and regulates ion balance between cells. Its ability to regulate electrolytic balance helps prevent muscle cramping. TAURINE also plays a role in muscle contraction, where it enhances the ability of the muscles to generate force by increasing the uptake and release of calcium ions. Cell Volumizer: Similar to Creatine, TAURINE draws water in muscle cells and acts as a cell volumizer; this in turn draws additional nutrients for recovery and growth; increasing cell volume and enhancing muscle fullness. TAURINE plays a role in Nitric oxide production critical to blood flow for greater oxygen supply and nutrient delivery. This mechanism may enhance the workout session and lead to a more rigorous workout. Improves Body Composition: A clinical trial in which overweight and obese men were given 3g of TAURINE a day for 7 weeks experienced a significant reduction in serum fatty acid levels, and overall reduction in bodyweight. It was hypothesized that TAURINE may enhance fat metabolism by aiding in the proper functioning of the digestive system. TAURINE was originally named Latin Taurus, which means bull or ox.