Richard Nixon, the 37th President, was born on January 9, 1913 in a small farmhouse in Yorba Linda, California.
Nixon was elected President in 1968. He was also re-elected in 1972 by an historic margin. While in office he established important relationships with China, the Soviet Union, and led peace processes in the Mideast. He also established the EPA, and brought about the peaceful desegregation of public schools in the South.
However, the central event of the Nixon Presidency was the Vietnam War. In January 1973, the Paris Peace Accords were signed, ending U.S. military involvement and paving the way for the return of U.S. prisoners of war.
After his presidency, he and Mrs. Nixon returned to San Clemente, where they lived until 1980, when they moved to New York. In retirement, President Nixon traveled throughout the world, visiting dozens of countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Mideast. His ten books, all bestsellers, include Six Crises (1962); his memoirs; and his last, Beyond Peace (May 1994).